Another important but often overlooked safety feature of an electric bike lithium battery is the casing that protects all the cells and BMS from shocks, vibration, and weather. Some lithium "batteries" are sold with nothing more than some plastic shrink wrap or tape covering up the individual cells and BMS computer board. This is okay if the battery is to be used on some kind of stationary system in a safe, dry place, but to safely operate in the harsh environment of a bouncing bike frame, a lithium battery must be protected from shock and water. This should be a straight forward cost consideration when shopping for a lithium bike battery. You may find a good deal on an 'unprotected' battery but you must then remember to factor in some extra money, and probably a lot of time and energy, to get that battery into some kind of shock-proof, weather-proof container. All Ukko lithium batteries come standard with a heavy duty, weather sealed case that protects the internal cells and BMS from the shocks, vibrations, and splashes that are the norm that any piece of bike equipment needs to handle.

Overheating is a simple but very important issue concerning all batteries, and lithium batteries in particular. All batteries are designed to work in a specific temperature range, and their performance drops when too cold or too hot. In the case of most lithium batteries they can be thought of as very similar to a person in terms of comfort with temperature, with special attention paid to high temperatures. Hill Topper lithium batteries will function with full performance anywhere from 30'F (-1'C) - 90'F (32'C), and have full overcharge protection and heat dissipation features. These safety features will protect the battery during any normal operation, however the user should understand that the hotter the battery gets, the more they are leaning on these safety features to protect them. For example, it would be a bad option to charge the battery while leaving it in direct sunlight on a hot day, since all of these factors increase the temperature of the battery and doing them all at the same time may push the battery temperature well over 100'F if there was not good air flow in the area. Ultimately, if a lithium battery gets extremely cold it will just not work very well, but if it gets extremely hot it will be closer to the point of catching fire, which can clearly be dangerous. The Hill Topper batteries are safety tested to much higher temperatures than they will ever be exposed to even on a hot day while charging, but it is important to note that in general overheating pushes the safety features of the battery much harder than does getting the battery too cold.

There are many more common features and important issues relating to the safe operation of lithium batteries and the more one researches and discusses these topics the better. In general, the basics of production process, raw material sources, shock and weather protection, and overheating issues will give you a good comprehensive picture of pertinent safety considerations regarding electric bike and conversion kit lithium batteries.